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Spending Taxpayer Money on Culture

Introduction

Over centuries, arts and culture has been associated with the social as well as economic regeneration and well-being of individuals living in the society including the contribution to shared future (Lewis and Rushton 2007). Throughout many years, different nations have struggled to maintain their unique identity through their differentiable arts and culture (Brooks 2001). In order to preserve arts and culture in the society, it is largely considered significant to consume specific amount on the maintenance of the historical cultural heritage (Lieber and Weisberg 2002). However, many believe that spending on the culture and arts with the taxpayer money is waste of resources and it is argued that arts and culture should only be viable on user-pay basis. Concerning the significant role of arts and culture in society, this idea cannot be supported but it cannot be rejected either, because limited economic resources for fulfilling the requirements of individuals in society is not sufficient and in such condition it is important to consider the positive as well as negative aspects of spending on the arts and culture.  Different students are asked to cover the topic in their assignment writing and eventually had to end up with the expert  assignment writing serviceto write the assignment on the topic related to benefit of arts and culture in terms of knowledge and education.

Benefits of Arts and Culture to Individual In Terms of Knowledge and Education

In different societies, arts and culture are considered as important part of knowledge and education process of an individual (Brooks and Kushner 2002). The arts that are taken into account as important part of a universal core of knowledge assists the societies to achieve specific goals of individuals. Thus, arts and culture has become major part to follow the knowledge and cultural forms (Joyce 1984). On the other hand, the generalization of the concept cannot be applied on every individual in the society, because arts and culture is regarded important need for knowledge and education only by those individuals who do not believe in economic gain perspective of arts and culture. In addition, arts and culture is the universal language, which is used to communicate to people, that is the reason why arts and culture are interlinked with social values and beliefs. Since social values and beliefs are another important aspect of society, it is necessary to feed them through the constant changing world and societies.  

It is largely considered that funding on the arts, culture does not give any economic gain, and financial return, further there is already economic crisis that societies are facing due to lack of economic resources (Heilbrun and Gray 2001). Yet the preservation of arts and culture can help the individuals in the society to understand and create their own identity (Frey 2003). Moreover, arts and culture are the essential components of education and knowledge, while leading to effective development of individual through creating intellects, self-awareness, old and new knowledge, and creativity (Ginsburgh 2006). As stated John Abbott“Every man’s ability may be strengthen or increased by culture” (Yiannas 2009, 11), similarly, Rudolf Arnheim stated,“The arts, as a reflection of human existence at its highest, have always and spontaneously lived up to this demand of plenitude” (Arnheim 1974, 49).

Upon reviewing the above quotes and statements of famous people, the importance of arts and culture cannot be ignored in terms of education and knowledge. Similarly, the importance of education and knowledge in human society is greatly considered as very important for the economic concern, thus if arts and culture benefit the education and knowledge of individual in society, then in turn it gives economic return to society. Therefore, considering that funding or spending on the preservation of arts and culture, as waste of resources is an inappropriate because arts and culture has indirect relationship and impact on the economic gains in society (Joseph 2002).

Benefits of Arts and Culture to Society

The ways arts and culture affects the social aspects of societies can be considered by its consequences. However, there are different claims and concerns about the impacts of arts and culture on the society, mostly positive attributes are linked with the social impact of arts and culture (Throsby 2010). It is found that arts and culture increases the social capital and community cohesion (Towse 2011). In this regard, different arts and culture-based programs are signified as to provide tool for the human and material development. Such arts and culture-based programs help in involving community members in a creative activity, thus, creating collaboration among the arts, culture and community members (Fisher and Fox 2001). Different students are demanded to argue about the benefits of arts in their essay writing task, many of them hired an expert  essay writing serviceto write the essay on the topic and earned good grades.

Another perspective of this view of impact of arts and culture on society claims that promoting arts and culture has beneficial impact on the economy (Throsby 2010). In this regard, the economic effects of arts and culture are most tempting benefits and categorized into two namely, arts attract visitors, businesses and investors. It is found that the importance of arts and culture is widely recognized even by common people; therefore, large numbers of people are attracted towards it. Moreover, different businesses and investors also use the arts and culture for their financial benefits. Thus, it is appropriate concluding that arts and culture has deep impact on the economic aspect of society (Lieber and Weisberg 2002).   

Moreover, countries spending on the preservation of arts and culture have reported marvelous return on the investment as according to Statistics Canada 2003 and 2004, only arts and culture sector in the country employ 600,000 people with the direct investment of $7.7 billion and generated $40 billion for the economy. Thus, the huge investment on the arts and culture gained 500% return on the investment and it goes back to tax revenue, which is surely more than the initial investment made (Monchy 2011).

The individual identity of nations and societies are getting huge recognition with the growing globalization and every society is determined to maintain its unique identity through its history, arts and culture (Hoffman 2006). In this regard, it is found that societies, who succeed in maintaining identity of their social culture, are more recognized and appreciated among the nations (Brooks, Who Opposes Government Arts Funding? 2001). That is the reason why, governments are intended to preserve their cultural heritage to transfer it to next generation. Thus, arts and culture is not only a means of economic gains and social collaboration but it also creates individual identity of nations, which further helps them in establishing strong relationship with other nations (Joseph 2002).    

Government Funding to Arts and Cultural Program

At national and international levels, it is observed that there is increased trend of government arts and cultural production, consumption and preservation of cultural heritage (Hopkins and Friedman 1997). However, it has already been discussed why governments are intended to spend or fund in the arts and culture, it is yet to identify why the promotion of arts and culture always relies on the government funding. It is found that most arts and cultural activities and preservation depend on the government support because mostly governments take the cultural heritage as part of national assets (Miller and Yúdice 2002). Moreover, it is argued that government can better plan and implement the strategy to gain the benefits from the arts and cultural consumptions than private entity (Weedon 2004). 

With the growing popularity of cross-cultural activity, there is increased cultural consumption therefore, countries are allocating large amount of their revenue for the arts and culture. In addition, governments are more recognizing the fear of homogenization of culture therefore; they are funding the arts and cultural identity with the enthusiasm to reserve the economy (Brooks 2001). In this regard, it is argued that public subsidy for culture is not only about keeping the prices of arts exhibition low, but also keep the art and cultural innovation sufficiently alive (Joyce 1984).  

Upon evaluating the role of government funding through taxpayer amount, it is found that without the support and involvement of government, the arts and culture in society cannot be flourished and soon diminished (Ginsburgh 2006). However, governments nowadays face greater challenges in managing the resources for the preservation and conservation of existing cultural heritage, yet they prefer to fund large amount on the preservation of their architecture and other cultural places for creating unique national identity (Frey 2003). The most significant example of such preservation of cultural heritage that aimed at creating national identity is the Melbourne in Australia, different cities of Europe and New Zealand. In these countries, through government funding, strategically unique international position has been created offering center of cultural excellence, innovation and dynamic center of creativity.    

Concerning the significance of the individual identity of nations, cities like Hong Kong, Shanghai and Singapore are also making necessary contribution in the form of investment in arts and culture and establishing new infrastructure and other cultural policies for the future economic growth (Velayutham 2007). In this respect, West Kowloon Cultural District in Hong Kong concentrates on the enhancement of the environment and historical building. Moreover, Abu Dhabi in United Arab Emirates is also focusing on the development of regional historical based museum center that represents the Arabic lifestyle and cultural heritage.   

Government Funding to Cultural and Media Policy

Upon analyzing the government funding on the cultural as well as media policy, it is found that there is close relationship between cultural industry and creative industry (Meredyth and Minson 2001). The increased understanding of this relationship has enabled governments to fund the cultural and media policy through using the power of media for the promotion of the cultural activities (McGuigan 2004). However, the cultural policy is often linked with the subsidized sector while media policy is associated with the economics and politics. Therefore, government funding to culture and media policy serves the cultural industries for the cultural development (Lewis and Miller 2003). In this regard, it is also significant to understand that cultural policy is related to governmental as well as philanthropic financing for arts and cultural activities. Moreover, cultural policy also involves the freedom of expression, cultural, artistic change and cultural intellectual property. Government that is to spend on the cultural and media policy is more likely to focus on the protection of the culture as property or heritage (Frey 2003).

However, considering the cultural and media policy merely as policy for the culture and media does not encapsulate the meaning of cultural and media policy because culture has influencing effects on the way people dwell and understand the world (Brooks 2001). Thus, this concept of the cultural and media policy is more effective on the politics and government than only funding of arts and culture. Moreover, the most significant example of cultural and media policy funding and its effects on the social and economic aspect is the Touring Victoria, which is an Arts Victoria funding program. Although, the aim of this policy mainly revolves around providing the communities in regional and rural areas to access to the professional and cultural expertise, yet, the program under the policy aids the artist to compensate the cost of touring performance. Thus, funding to such cultural and media policy help to promote the culture and it further provides the economic gain in return (Joyce 1984).

Conclusion

This paper examined and analyzed the arts and culture government funding in the context of economic gains and social benefits. In this view, it is found that arts and culture are significant part of society and it plays important role in the construction and development of individual and society both. However, the funding of the government in the preservation of cultural heritage and arts cultural program has been questioned for using the taxpayer amount while they do not really regard the importance of arts and culture. In this respect, it is observed that nations and societies are increasingly recognizing the importance of arts and culture in the development of unique individual identity for nations.

Moreover, it is also found that arts and culture is effective tool to individual in terms of knowledge and education, as arts and culture provides strong support for the individual to be familiar with their historical background, values, beliefs and other social cultural contexts. In the context of social benefits, arts and culture has been found to aid the society by creating collaboration and integration among societies. In this regard, it is also found that arts and culture brings about different economic gains such as increased investment and tourism. The most major importance identified of the arts and culture is that it creates individual identity of societies and helps the societies to maintain their differences with other societies and it cannot be more valuable than the value of taxpayers amount. 

3/22/2017 12:44:45 PM
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